founder of the state of Bahawalpur was Nawab Bahawal Khan Abbasi
I. The abbasi family ruled over the state more than 200 years
(1748 to 1954). During the rule of the last Nawab Sir Sadiq
Khan Abbasi V, Bahawalpur State was merged with Pakistan in
1954. Bahawalpur was formerly the capital of the state and now
is the District Divisional Headquarters of Bahawalpur division.
It is an important marketing center for surrounding areas and
is located on the crossroads between Peshawar, Lahore, Quetta
and Karachi. Saraiki is the local language of the area. Urdu,
Punjabi and English are also spoken and understood by most of
Central Library: It is housed in a building having
fine architectural value. The foundation stone of this building
was laid by the then governor and viceroy of India Sir Rufus
Danial Issacs on 8 March, 1924 to mark the installation of late
Nawab of Bahawalpur Sir Sadiq Mohammad Khan Abbasi V. The central
library was established in 1947 in this building. It has a vast
collection of books and rare manuscripts. It is one of the best
libraries in Pakistan and visited by students and scholars from
within the country and abroad.
Bahawalpur has a modest museum with a fine collection of
coins, medals, postage stamps of former state of Bahawalpur,
manuscripts, documents, inscriptions, wood carvings, camel skin
paintings, historical models and stone carvings etc. of Islamic
and pre-Islamic period. There is a complete set of models of
all classes issued by the ex state to its military officers
civilians and to other important citizens of the ex state.
The zoological garden of Bahawalpur is considered to be
one of the best in the country. Spread over an area of 25acres
of land, it has an interesting collection of 120 animals and
750 birds of tropical areas, particularly those found in this
region. The zoo has the distinction of occasional breeding of
lions and supply of beasts to other zoos in the country. It
also has a aquarium and zoological museum with stuffed rare
birds and animals.
Bahawalpur has one of the finest stadiums in the country
having fine cricket grounds, two football grounds one basket
ball court and
lawn tennis courts and covered swimming pool. There is also
a hockey stadium, which is considered to be the second best
in the country after Karachi Stadium. It can accommodate 13000
people at a time.
of Muluk Shah
The shrine of Muluk Shah, a popular saint of his time, is
located in the city and visited by devotees on every Thursday
ashura and Eid days. A small fair is also held annually.
Masjid Al Sadiq
It was made by the Nawab Sadiq Mohammad Khan Abbasi V at
the elevation of more than 12ft from earth. It can house 50,000
to 60,000 people at a time, during the Eid festivals. It is
well-reputed mosque in Pakistan like other prominent mosques
Uch, 75 km from Bahawalpur, is a very old town, it is believed
that it existed even in 500 B.C. Some historians believe that
Uch was there even before the advent of Bikramajit when Jains
and Bhudhists ruled over sub continent. At the time of the invasion
by Alexander the Great, Uch was under Hindu rule. Some historians
say that Alexander came to Uch after conquering northern parts
of India and spent over a fortnight in the city and renamed
it Alexandariya. Some have mentioned Uch by the name of Sikandara
or Iskalanda. They have decided it as the most flourishing and
beautiful town perched upon the Plateau near the confluence
of the Chanab and Rave rivers. Famous shrines existing at Uch
include those of Hazrat Bahawal Haleem, Hazrat Jalal-ud-din
Surkh Bokhari, Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht, Bibi Jawindi and
Sheikh Saif-ud-din Ghazrooni etc.
is a small town today and divided into three different quarters
(i) Uch Bokhari, after Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din
(ii) Uch Jilani (Bandagi), who came from Halab in
(iii) Uch Mughlan after the Mughal rulers.
Sahib of Uch Bokhari has some rare Islamic relics in his possession
(i) Turban of Holy Prophet (PBUH),
(ii) A mantle of the Prophet (PBUH)
(iii) “Samsam” (sword) of Hazrat Imam Hasan,
(iv) a cap and turbine of Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani of
(v) mantle of Hazrat Salman Farsi.